To live a meaningful life and plan it in the right way, you need to explain and think about your values and choices.
Critical thinking gives you the tools you need to evaluate yourself in this way.
Critical thinking is being able to think about what to do or believe in a clear and logical way.
Critical thinking is about how or why you believe what you believe, not what you believe.
It includes being able to think independently and reflect on your own thoughts.
- Know how ideas fit together in a logical way.
- Find arguments, build them, and judge them.
- Find contradictions and common errors in reasoning.
- Solve problems in a planned way.
- Figure out what ideas are about and how important they are.
- Think about how your own beliefs and values make sense.
- Critical thinking is an important part of being creative because it helps us evaluate and improve our ideas.
Some people think that critical thinking gets in the way of creativity because it requires you to follow the rules of logic and reason, while creativity might require you to break those rules. This is a wrong idea.
Critical thinking goes well with thinking outside the box, questioning what most people think, and going in a different direction.
It’s not enough to know the rules that separate good reasoning from bad reasoning.
We might learn the basics of how to swim in the classroom, such as the fact that you shouldn’t breathe underwater. But if we don’t put this theoretical knowledge into practise by swimming often, we might not be able to swim.
To improve our thinking, we need to realise how important it is to think about why we think and act the way we do.
Critical thinkers can figure out what will happen based on what they know, use information to solve problems, and look for relevant information sources to learn more.
Critical thinking can help us learn new things, make our theories better, and make our arguments stronger. We can also improve how things work at work and in society by using critical thinking.
Figure out what the problem is before you start trying to solve it.
If we want to be good at reasoning, it would be helpful to know what not to do. This means we should know about some of the most common mistakes people make.
First, you need to know what you’re doing.
Second, there are persistent biases and limits in how people think.
To understand people and situations correctly, you need to be creative, have empathy, and be emotionally sensitive.
To confidently and accurately figure out what the real problem or problems are, to find and sort through all of our possible solutions to a hard problem, and to come up with ways to look for and find the proof we need to decide what to believe or what to do.
Machines don’t think the way people do.
But humans and machines can make each other better at what they do well.
The way a person thinks is linked to how they feel.
Creativity and imagination are just as important to good reasoning as logic and being able to make good decisions as an adult.
People tend to be too sure of themselves and pay too much attention to evidence that backs up what they already believe.
We should be aware of these biases in how we think about how we think.
Science and democracy both depend on people being able to think critically.
For a liberal democracy to work well, its citizens must be able to think critically about social issues and make good decisions about how to run the country without being influenced by their biases.
No society can stay together and grow if its people don’t know how to use their thinking skills.